Paving towards Strategic Investment Decision: A SWOT Analysis of Renewable Energy in Bangladesh

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    Bangladesh, being a developing country, needs an uninterrupted electricity supply to sustain and expand economic growth. The government’s strategic vision of 2021 and the international commitment under the Paris Agreement has meant to attract new capital investments for renewable electricity generation by diversifying energy blends, ranging from natural gas to more reliable coal technologies and renewable energy. To understand the practical implementation of such policies, this paper explores the key factors of the renewable energy (RE) sector of Bangladesh. This research has adopted the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis method to examine the RE market and to understand the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) to attract new investments. For the analysis purposes, data were collected from extant literature and semi-structured interviews from the RE experts in Bangladesh. This study bears significance as it empirically reflects the government’s vision and strategy on RE development and analyzes its challenges and recommends accordingly. The analysis of the study reveals that the regulatory framework, tax haven/exemption, higher tariff, and presence of government guarantee are the major strengths to draw foreign investment. On the contrary, land acquisition, lack of coordination and collaboration among government authorities, administrative procedures, corruption, and access to local finance turns out to be the key weaknesses to consider while investing in this sector. In terms of the external factors, increasing energy demand, increasing global awareness of climate change, and decreasing cost of RE setup equipment act as potent opportunities; while the dominance of fossil fuel and discontinuity of energy policies should be taken as threats that can hinder the flow of investment in this sector. Hence, in order to attract sustainable FDI in the RE sector, several key areas need to be strengthened in the short, medium, and long-term. These are: (i) regulations on non-discriminatory treatment to foreign investors; (ii) control of corruption; (iii) protection of intellectual property rights; and (iv) coordination and collaboration between ministries

    Cut-off space of a gyromagnetic planar disk resonator with a triplet of stubs with up and down magnetization.

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    A switchable circulator may be realized by internally or externally switching or latching a suitable ferrite resonator at the junction of three transmission lines or waveguides. This paper investigates the split frequencies and therefore the quality factor of a geometry consisting of a half wave-long cylindrical cavity and another which consists of a tri-toroidal structure. The model adopted in this paper divides the surface of the resonator into up and down uniformly magnetized but unequal regions. The boundary, between the two regions, which is taken as the location of a single or a pair of switching wires, and the split counter-rotating frequencies of a typical resonator is theoretically obtained. This is done by investigating the split cut-off numbers of the related planar circuit with top and bottom electric walls and a magnetic sidewall. The magnetostatic model adopted in this paper assumes equal fluxes in the up and down magnetized regions but unequal flux densities

    Paper P1 Performance Operations Study Notes: annual equivalent method.

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    When you’re conducting investment appraisals ormaking capital budgeting decisions, the annualisedequivalent method will allow you to make a propercomparison of assets with unequal lifespan

    Recovering faces from memory: the distracting influence of external facial features.

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    Recognition memory for unfamiliar faces is facilitated when contextual cues (e.g. head pose, background environment, hair and clothing) are consistent between study and test. By contrast, inconsistencies in external features, especially hair, promote errors in unfamiliar face-matching tasks. For the construction of facial composites, as carried out by witnesses and victims of crime, the role of external features (hair, ears and neck) is less clear, although research does suggest their involvement. Here, over three experiments, we investigate the impact of external features for recovering facial memories using a modern, recognition-based composite system, EvoFIT. Participant-constructors inspected an unfamiliar target face and, one day later, repeatedly selected items from arrays of whole faces, with ‘breeding’, to ‘evolve’ a composite with EvoFIT; further participants (evaluators) named the resulting composites. In Experiment 1, the important internal-features (eyes, brows, nose and mouth) were constructed more identifiably when the visual presence of external features was decreased by Gaussian blur during construction: higher blur yielded more identifiable internal-features. In Experiment 2, increasing the visible extent of external features (to match the target’s) in the presented face-arrays also improved internal-features quality, although less so than when external features were masked throughout construction. Experiment 3 demonstrated that masking external-features promoted substantially more identifiable images than using the previous method of blurring external-features. Overall, the research indicates that external features are a distractive rather than a beneficial cue for face construction; the results also provide a much better method to construct composites, one that should dramatically increase identification of offenders

    The Depiction of Women in the Historical Narrative of the German Order

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    This paper analyses the portrayal of women in the Livländische Reimchronik and Nikolaus von Jeroschin’s Kronike von Pruzinlant, the two earliest German language chronicles written by members of the German Order to describe the conquest of Livonia and Prussia. It concludes that while women played an important role in the Prussian crusades and often appear to be sympathetically portrayed, their depiction is almost always subservient to the development of role models for male warriors in the context of the crusade in the Baltic

    Embedded kindness: education is essential in ensuring students develop the skills for compassion

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    Education is essential in ensuring students develop the skills for compassion

    E-Health: chances and challenges of distributed, service oriented architectures

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    Societies are undergoing unprecedented demographic and socio-economical changes on a pace that has never been experienced before. Health care models are in transition to remain affordable for governments and individuals. Mobile technology and cloud computing will play a major role in order to help to achieve the necessary level of virtualization and service aggregation. There are, however, technological challenges in terms of security, trust, user friendliness and deployment of innovative E-Health strategies

    The Scottish Mathematics Support Network

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    The preliminary meeting of the Scottish Mathematics Support Network was held at the University of St Andrews on 18 July 2008. The aim of the meeting was to initialise a support network for people working in Scottish Universities and Colleges who were either currently providing or would like to be providing mathematical and statistical support to their students. A variety of institutions were represented: St Andrews University, which at this time had a dedicated Mathematics support tutor who worked with the Effective Learning Adviser (ELA); Dundee University and Robert Gordon University, which both had a similar arrangement; Abertay University which had both a Mathematics and a Statistics support tutor who were also part of the ELA team; Glasgow University which had just appointed a Mathematics support tutor, since their Mathematics support provision was due to start in September 2008; and Edinburgh Napier University, where the Mathematics support had been successfully run by the Mathematics lecturers for the last 20 years, with Statistics support being provided by Statistics lecturers. At the University of Aberdeen, the ELA team were aware of the growing need for a specialist Mathematics support tutor and were hoping that funding for such a post would be made available in the near future

    Cohesive subgroups and drug user networks in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

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    The purpose of this paper was to explore group drug taking behaviour in a slum area of Dhaka, Bangladesh. We set out to examine the relationships between those who met, at least weekly, to take illegal drugs together, and how these relationships might shape their drug behaviour. Sociometric and behavioural data were collected using questionnaires via semi-structured interviews. We found that the likelihood of injecting drugs and sharing needles increased with age, duration of group membership and length of drug use. Drug users were classified into two clusters: one was more cohesive and comprised longer-term users, who were more likely to inject drugs and had poorer physical and mental health. The other cluster comprised younger, better educated members who were more transient, less cohesive, less likely to inject drugs and had better health. Qualitative data suggested that members of the first cluster were less accepting of outsiders and confirmed more to group norms. We conclude that emotionally bonded cohesive subgroups acquire norms, which reinforce problematic drug-using behaviour. Thus, health initiatives need to consider group relationships and norms and those initiatives which work with networks may be more effective and more appropriate for low-income countries

    Management of erectile dysfunction in adult men with learning disabilities and diabetes

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    The effective management of obesity, diabetes and associated complications, such as erectile dysfunction (ED), in people with learning disabilities is an important and evolving area. ED may be poorly recognised and poorly understood by people with learning disabilities, making diagnosis and management challenging for healthcare professionals. Partnership working between the primary care team, community learning disability team and diabetes specialist nurse is essential to ensure that individual health needs are identified and addressed. This article provides an overview of the health needs of adults with learning disabilities and the evidence relating to diabetes and ED. It uses a case study approach to highlight issues relating to the assessment and management of ED as experienced by a man with learning disabilities
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